Imaging Modes

The PEEM imaging modes can vary depending on the illumination source, the imaging kinetic energy (when an analyzer is available) and the imaged plane (image, diffraction or energy-dispersive plane).

Work function contrast can be observed when using a low photon energy source such as a mercury short-arc lamp with photon energies of ≈ 5 eV.

With a tunable photon energy source, XAM measurements can be performed. A relevant case is the use of circularly polarized x-rays to obtain the magnetic contrast or XMCD-PEEM.

XPEEM images can be obtained by using the imaging energy analyzer on our PEEM III or SPELEEM to resolve the chemical composition at a high lateral resolution.

Furthermore, the projection of the PED pattern on the detector allows direct band mapping by the direct imaging of the full k||-space at once.

Please feel free to click on the pictures in the sidepanel to enlarge them.


W core level imaging of Fe islands on W(110). FoV 1 Ám. (Courtesy of A. Locatelli)